Справочник туриста
Языки стран мира
Общие гео-ресурсы
Расписания поездов
Отзывы Туристов
ВЫ ЗДЕСЬ: Главная / ?????? / ?????????????? / ?????????? ??????? /
   

?????????? ???????

????????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????????-???????????? ? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????????-?????????????? ???????? ????????????. ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????? ????. ? XI-XII ??. ???????? ????????????????? ???????? ??????? ???? William, Robert, Ralph, Richard. ? ????? XIV ?. ??? John ???? ???????? ? 25% ????? ???????? ????????? ??????. ??. ????, ????????????? ?????????? ???????, ?????, ??? ???? ?? ? ?? ????? ???-?????? ?? ????? ? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? John Johnes, ?? ?? ???? ???????????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?????: «???, ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??, ??? ????? ???; ?????, ?????? ??? ? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????????? ?????????????» [ Hughes J. The Origin and Meaning of Surnames. London, 1959 ]

? ??? ??????, ????? ?????? ??? ?? ? ????????? ???? ??????????????????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ??????????, ????????? ? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????????????? ?????-????????.

? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ????????, ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ??????????? «????? ??????? ???» (Domesday Book) ? 1085-86 ??., ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? (???????????).

??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????. ????? ?? ???????? ????????, ???????????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????, ???? ?????? ??? ???????????, ?????? ?????????? ? ???????? ??? ?????????????. «???? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??????, ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???????, ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????, ?? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ?? ???????? ????? ???????????????» [ Smith E.C. The Story of Our Names. - N.Y., 1950 ].

??????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ?????? ? ????????? ??? ?? XVII ?. ?? ? ????? ??, ??? ???? ??????????? ????? ? XII ?., ????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ? XVII ?.

?????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????, ???????????, ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ???????, ??????? ????? ? ?? ??????. ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????:


1. ??????????????????? (???????????????, ???????????????).
2. ?? ????? ??????????.
3. ?? ???? ??????? (???????????????-???????????).
4. ????????????.


1. ??????????????????? ???????

?????? ????? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????, ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ?????????: Anthony, Allen, Baldwin, Cecil, Dennis, Godfrey, Henry, Neale, Owen, Reynolds, Thomas, Walter. ?????? ?? ??????????????? ???????, ??????????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????, ??????? ? ?????????? ??????????, ??????? ????? (Good, Godwin, Goodiers, Godyears, Goddard), ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ???? (Swain, Swanson < ?????. Swain, Thurston, Thurlow, Thurkettle ?? ????? ???? Thor). ????????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ????? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ???????: Walters, Watts Watterson, Ralph, Hugh ? ??. ??? Roland ???? ??????? Rowland, Rowlandson, ?? Richard ????? Richardson (? ?????? — Pritchard), Ritchie, Hitch, Rick, Hick, ? ????? Dixon, Dickson, Rickett ? ??. Hudd (?????? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? Richard) ???? Hudd ??? Hudson. ? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ????, ???????????? ? ???????? ???????. ???, ?? ????? ??????? St Lawrence ???????????? ??????? Lawrence, Lawson, Larson, Larkin. ?????? ?????????? ??????????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ????? ??????? ??????? -son (Thompson), ?????????? «??? ??????-??». ???????? -t- ??????? ? ???????? ????????????? ???????? ???????: Johnston - ???????? ?????? ??????, Johnson - ????? ?? ??? ??????. ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? -s, ? ?????? ? Matthewson ????????? Matthews. ???????, ??????, ????????, ??? ??????? -s ? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????????: Abbotson = Abbot's son '??? ??????', ?? ? '???, ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????????? ? ????????????'. ?????? ???????????? ??????? (Highlands) ??????????? ??????? Mac- '???': MacDonald, Maccarthy, MacGregor. ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????, ?? ? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ? ??????? ???????? ?: O'Hara, O'Neal. ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????:
By Mac and O,
You'll always know
True Irishmen, they say;
For if they lack
Both O and Mac
No Irishmen are they.

??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????? Fitz- (?????. ??????????? Fils '???': Fitzwilliam, Fitz-Gilber, Fitz-Hugh. ??-????????? '???' — ??, ?????? ????? ??????? Powell (?? ?? Howell), Pritchard (?? ?? Richard), Bunyan (?? Ap-Onion), Blood (?? Ap-Lloyd). ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????? ????????, ? ????????? ????????????? ???? ???: Evan-ap-Griffith-ap-David-ap-Jenkin '????, ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????'. ??? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ????????. ???????? ???? ?? ???:
An Englishman, riding one dark night among the mountains, heard a cry of distress, coming apparently from a man who had fallen into a ravine near the highway, and, on listening more attentively, heard the words 'Help, master, help' in a voice truly Cambrian, 'Help, what, who are you?' asked the traveller. 'Jenkin-ap-Griffith-ap-Robin-ap-Williams-ap-Rees-ap-Evan' was the response. 'Lazy Fellows that ye be,' said the Englishman, setting spurs to his horse, 'to lie rolling in that hole, half a dozen of you. Why in the name of common sense don't you help one another out?'

?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?????????. ? ??????? ???? ??? David ????? ??????????? ? Dawe, ?????? ??????? Dawe ? Dawson. ?? Anthony ????? ??????? Tonkin, Tonson, Tonnson; ?? Robert (? ??? ???? Robin, Rob, Dob, Hob) - ??????? Robbins, Roberts, Robinson, Robson, Ropes, Dobbs, Dobson, Hobbes, Hobson, Hopps, Hopkins ? ??. ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ?????????????? ????, ??????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? -kin, -cock (-???), -ot /-et, -kin (cp. lambkin '?????????'); Simpkin, Tomkinson; Haycock, Haycox, Wilcox; Hewett ('????????? ???').

2. ??????? ???????

??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????, ???????????? ???????? 50% ???? ?????????? ???????.

?????? ?? ???????? ???????, ?? ??????? ??? ?????????, ??????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ????????? ?????????:

1) ???????, ???????????? ?? ???????, ???????, ? ???? ???????, ????????? ?? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????, ?????? ??? ??????. ????????, ??? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ??????, ?????????, ?????? ? ????????. ??? ??????????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????, ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????????????, ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ? ???? ???????. ??? ????????? ??????? Scott, ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????, ??? ? ????????? (??? ?????????????? ?????? ????????????!). ?????? ????? ??????? England, English, ????????? ???????? ?? ? Ingle, Ingleman, Langley (?????????, ????????, ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? - ?? ??. L'Angleys). ??????? ????? ??????? Irish, Wales, Welsh, Welshman, Wallace. ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????: Germain, France, Spain, Pickard, Norman, Champagne, Portwine; ?? ???????? ???????: Cornish, Cornwall, Cheshire, Kent, Surrey, Hampshire - ????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??????. ???????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????. ????????????? ???? ??????? (? ????? ? ???????) ??????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????????????: York, Longford, Troubridge, Fife, Westley, Norleigh, Eastthorpe, Sutton, Sudley ? ??. ? ?????? ????????????? ????? ???? ? ????????? ??????????, ? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ? ????? ???????. ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????:


In ford, in ham, in ley, in ton
The most of English surnames run,

??? -ford, -ham, -ley, -ton - ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????.

2) ?????? ????????? ???????? ? ???? ???????, ???????????? ?? ???????, ? ??????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????: Brook, Hill, Cliff, Dale, Fell, Moore, Fields. ???????, ??????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ?? ??????-?????? ??????????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????, ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? (at the ley ??? lee > Attelea > Attlee; Atten-Oaks > Noakes, Nokes; Atten-Ash > Nash). ??????? ???????, ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ????: Aspen, Beech, Birch, Holly, Shrub, Willows, Yew, Yewdale, Wood, Tree, Shaw, Ryecroft, Meadowcroft, Bancroft (croft '????, ????????'). ? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????, ???????????? ?? ???????? ???: Tees, Cherwell, Teems, Calder, Becker, Warbeck, Brook, Brooker ? ?.?. ??????? ???? ????? ???????, ? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????, ???????????? ???????? ? ???????, ????????? ? ????????????? ????????: Green (?? village green '??????????? ???, ???????'), Ford, Bridgman; ??????? ????? ?????? (road) ??? ???????????? ?? ????????, ? ? ?????????? ??????? Royds, Rodd, Rodes, Rhodes; Lane, Hall, Church, Churcher, Churchgate (?? ?????? - Kirker, Kirkman). ???????, ???????????? ?? ??????? ???????, ????? ? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????? - ????, ??????, ???????? ? ?.?.: Gateman, Townsend.

?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????, ???????????? ?? ??????-???????, ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ??? ??? ????????????? ????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????, ??? ? ??? ??????????? ??????????, ?????, ????????, ??????, ????????? ??????. ?????????? ???????, ??? ? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????????, ????? ??????????? (? ?? ???? ????? ???????????!) ????? ????????, ??? ?? ?????. ????????????? ???????, ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ? ?????? ?????????, ????????? ???????? ???????: Bull, Bush, Bell, Angel, Swan, Lyon, Griffin, Talbot, Greenman. ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? Long ?? ???????????, ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??????? Long Arms.

? ????????? ??????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????????: Thomas at the Dolphin, Will at the Bull, George at the Whitehouse.


3. ???????????????-??????????? ?????????? ???????
 
????? ?????? ? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????. ??? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? 20% ???? ????????? ????.

??????????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????????-??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????-????????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????? XI-XV ??. ?????? ???? ???????, ????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????. ? ????????, ??? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???????, ???????????? ?????????, ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????. ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????: 1) ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????; 2) ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????, ????????? ? ???????? ??????????, ????????????????????? ????????; 3) ??????? ?? ???????? ?????????, ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????; 4) ??????? ?? ????????, ????????? ? ????????? ??????.

1) ? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???????, ?????????? ? ????????? ???????, ????? ? ??????????, ???????? ??????? ? ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ??????, ?????? ??????????? ????? - ??????????, ??????? ??????????? ???? ???, ?????????? ??????? ????????? ? ????????. ????? ?? ?????????: Stewart, ??? Stuart ('??????????? ????????'), Wardrop ('?????????? ?????????'). Barber, Spencer ('???????????'), Page (??????? ?????????), Spooners, Carver, Butler ('?????????', ????????????? '??????????'), Pottinger (??????? ??????????? ???, ? ????????? ??????? ????????? Robert le Potager, Walter le Potager); Kitchener (??????????? ??????), Says ??? Sayers (???????? ???, ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????, ????????, ?? ????????? ?? ???). ?????? ??????????? Marshall ('????????'). ??????? ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????, ?? ??????????, ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ????????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????. ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????? ???????: Knight, Squire, Gent, Sheriff, Justice, Corner (Coroner), Judge, Burgess, Bailiff, Mayor (Meir), Cryer, ??? Crier (????????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????????? ???????), Checker, Trumper, Clark/Clerk. ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ? ????????????? ????????? ????????: Palmer ('????????, ??????????? ? ????????? ?????? ?? «?????? ?????»), Abbot, Bishop, Canon, Deacon, Dean, Priest, Parson ? ??. Parker, Forester, Foster ???????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????? ????????. Ranger ? Falconer ???????? ?? ??????????? ?????.

2) ???????, ????????? ? ????????????????????? ???????????. ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ? ????????, ???????????? ? ????? ?? ?????????. ???, ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? Hurd, Hird, Heard, ???????????? ?? herd '??????'. Herd ?????????? -ard ? Coward (?? Cow-herd) ??? -art ? Swinnart (?? Swine-herd). Hoggart ? Porcher ????????? ?? ????????, Goddart (goat-herd) - ?? ??????, Gozzard ??? ?????, Shepherd - ????. Packman ?? ????? ?????? (packhorse) ??????? ???????? ? ?????. ?? cottager ???????? ??????? Cotman, Cotter, Cotterell. ? ???????? ???????????????? ???????? ????????? Farmer, Ditcher, Baker, Bricker, Mason, Waller, Thatcher ('???, ??? ???? ??????? ?????', ?????? ??????? Thacker, Thackery, Thackeray), ? ????? Tyler, Slater, Slatter (slate - ?????????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ?????????? ????????,), Carpenter, Painter, Fielder, Acres, Akerman, Plowman, Dykes, Hedge, Gardener, Appleyard, Orchard, Beman (bee-keeper) ??? Honeyman, Nutter ('??????? ??????'). ???????????, ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???????, ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????, ?????? ???????????? ?????????, ????????: Miller (?? ?????? ????? Milner ????? ??????? Milnes), Baker (???????-?????? ???? Baxter), Brewer, Pyebaker, Butcher, Shearer, Skinner. Smith (??????) - ????? ???????????????? ? ?????? ? ??? ??????? - ????????????? ???????? «???????? ?? ???????»; ??? ?????? ? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????, ??? Brownsmith, Blacksmith, Greensmith, Whitesmith, Redsmith, Goldsmith, ???????? ???????, ??????????????, ????? ???? ? ?????, ???????, ???????, ?????? ??? ???????.

???????, ?????????????? ?? -wright, ???????? ? ?????????? ?????, ?????????? ?? ??????, ?????? Cartwright, Wainwright, Boatwright, Wheelwright.

3) ????????????? ???????, ????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????????? ????????????, ??? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????, ?????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????. ????????, ?????? ??????? ? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ? 1339 ?. ?????????? ?????????:


1. Barkers & Tanners.
2. Drapers & Hosiers.
3. Barbers, Chandlers & Leeches.
4. Pynners.
5. Wrights, Slaters, Tyiers, Daubers, Thatchers.
6. Paynters, Glasiers.
7. Vintners, Merchants.
8. Mercers, Spicers.

??????????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ????????? ??????????????? ???????. Mercer ???????? ? ???????, Grosser — ?????. Chapman ????? ?? cheapman '???, ??? ???????? ??????' (??. ? ????????? ????? Cheapside ? ???????). ??????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?? ????? ??? ???? Clarke.

????????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ???? ????????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ? ??????????. ????? ??? ?????, ??? Archer, Arrowsmith, Bowman, Stringer, Fletcher ('??????, ????????????? ??????'), Lardner, Beller, Plater, Smoker ? ??. Barker ??????? ? ????? ??? ????????? ?????, Crocker ????? ??????, Reader/Reeder ???? ???????????? ?????, Horner ?????????? ???? ??? ?????, Wakeman ('??????') ????? ?????.

4) ????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????????-??????????? ?????????? ???????. ????? ?? ????????? Woollen, Woolley, Packer (?? woolpacker), Sherman (?? shear-man), Walker, Fuller, Tucker ('????????'), Seamer, Teazle, Comber, Webber, Tailor, Dyer, Dyster, Pilcher, Quitter, Weaver, Webster ? ??. ??.


4. ???????????? ?????????? ???????

?????? ? ???????, ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????. ??? ? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???????, ????????????????? ????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????. ?????????? ? ??????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ???? ????????? ? ????????? ????????: Bigg, Strong, High, Low, Little, Longman, Strongman, Littler, Younger, Elder, Small; Head, Hands, Arms; Armstrong (???????????????? ? ????????? ? ?? ?????? ??????), Strongitharm, Sillitoe (? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? Shillito, Shillitto), Cudlipp ('?????? ????'); Kneebone, Cruikshank ('??????'); Crump ('????????'; ? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???? 'cow with a crumpled horn'); Cameron ('??????????'); Campbell ('??????????'). ????? ??????? ????? ??????????, ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?????: Black (??????? Blake)', White (???????? Hoar, Whiteman, Blunt); Grey (Grissel, Grizzle), Brown (Brunet, Brunell). ?????????? ????? (red) ????? ??? ? ?????????? ?????????? Reid, Reed, Read ??? Redman, ? ? ????????? ??? ?? ????? Rouse, Russell ??? Ross. Knott ??????? '????????', Ball ????? ?????????? ?? bald '?????'. ?????????????? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ????????, ??? Bad, Good, Wise, Gay, Joyce, Makepeace (?????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????), Friend, Trueman, Hardy, Gentle, Sweet, Doughty; Purefoy, Purfey ????? ?? 'pure faith'; Bone, Boon ?? 'le Bon' (??????. '???????'); Love, Fullalove, Bland, Merry, Grant (?? grand); Moody ('??????, ???????'), Sad ('?????????????, ???????'), Bragg ('???????'), Silly (Seeley, Seelie, Sealey) (????????????? '??????????????, ????????'). ?????? ???????????? ??????? ????? ?? ???????, ?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????????: Poore, Rich, Ragman (?? ragged man '??????? ? ????????'), Masterman, Master ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? (master). ? ?????????? ???????????? ?????, ??????????? ? ??????, ???????????? ????????? ?????? ??????: Shorthose ('???????? ????'); Hood ('???????'); Bracegirdle ('???, ??? ???????? ????????????????? ? ??????, ????? ?????? ?????????'). ? ???????????? ????????? ???????, ???????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? (Mistery Plays), ??????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ??????. ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ? ????? ??????, ? ????????? ??????? ? ???? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????, ????????? ?????????? ?????????. ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ? ???, ???? ??????????? ??? ?????????, ? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????, ?? ???????? ?? ? ???? ?? ????????????? ???? ???????: King, Baron, Earl, Lord, Cardinal, Legate, Count, Duke, Caesar, Pope, Queen, Angel, Cain, Satan ? ??. ???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???????, ???????? «?? ??????????». ???, ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? Little John ??? ????????? ?????. ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ????? «??????????? ??????? ???????» ? ???????????? ????????????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? (????? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ?? ??????????). ? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ???????, ? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ??. ?????:


Mr. Wise was a dunce, Mr. King was a Whig,
Mr. Coffin's uncommonly sprightly,
And huge Mr. Little broke down in a gig
While driving fat Mrs. Golightly.


Miss Joy, wretched maid, when she chose Mr. Love
Found nothing but sorrow await her;
She now holds in wedlock, as true as a dove,
That fondest of mates, Mr. Hayter.


Mr. Penny, whose father was rolling in wealth,
Kick'd down all the fortune his dad won;
Large Mr. Le Fever's the picture of health,
Mr. Goodenough's but a bad one.


Mr. Cruickshank stept into three thousand a year,
By showing his leg to an heiress.
Now I hope you'll acknowledge I've made it quite clear
That surnames e'er go by contraries.

He ??? ?????? ? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???? ???????. ???????? ???? ? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ?????? ??????????. ??????????, ? ???????, ??????? Legg/Legge. ??? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????????????:
?) ?? ????? ?????????? ?? ????????: at a leg or neck of land;
?) ?? ???????????????????? ????? Legg ( ??????????? ?? Legard);
?) ?? ????????? ????? ????? Leigh/Ley;
?) ?? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ???????? (??. ????????? to show a leg);
?) ?? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? (??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ????);
?) ?? ??????? ????-??????, ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????.

????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??????? -cock ??? ???????????:
?) ?? ??????????? cock '???????';
?) ?? ???????? ???? ????????? ???????? (The Cocke of Westminster);
?) ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??????, ????????? ?????? ? ?????????, ?????????? ??????? ????????, ????????, John ??? Walter atte Cock. ?????? ??????? Adcock, Atcock, Acock;
?) ?? ???????????????? ????? Cocca (???????? ????? ????????????? ??????);
?) ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ? Cook.

???????????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????
? ??????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????. ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? (IX-XIII ??.), ? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?-?? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ?? XV ?. ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?? ?????????? ?????????:


Godfrey ?? Guthroo
McIver ?? Ivor
McColl, McCall ?? Kol
Auley, MacAuley or Olaf, Ola
McManus or Magnus

? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ????????: Baird, Chrisholm, Douglas, Drummond, Forbes, Gordon, Murray, Ogilvie, Ramsay, Ross, Urquhart. ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ????? ????????, ??? Bruce, Davidson, Fletcher, Grant, Napier, Robertson, Sinclair.

???????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????- ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? XVII ?., ? ????? ???????, ??? O'Breen ? O'Nail ????? O'Brien ? O'Neal. ? 1465 ?. ??????????? ???? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ? ??????? ?? ??????????. ????? ??????, ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? «????? ???? ? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????? (????????, Sutton, Chester, Trym, Corke), ???? ???????? ????? (White, Brown, Black), ???? ???????? ??????? (Smith, Carpenter, Book, Butler)». ??????? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ???? ???????, ???????????? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????. ??????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????, ??? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?-???, ??????????? ???????, ????????? ????? ?????: Nash-Williams, Lloyd-George. ???? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? ???????????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ???????:


??????????? ?????????? ??????????
Campbel Murphy Roberts
Duncan Kelly Jones
Ferguson Sullivan (O'Sullivan) Davies
Macdonald Walsh Williams
Douglas O'Brian Thomas
Gordon Ryan (O'Ryan) Edwards
Armstrong Connor Hughes
Stewart
Scott
Wallace


?????? ???????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ??????
Alien/Allan James Richardson
Anderson Johnson Ross
Bailey Jones Smith
Baker King Spencer
Bennett Lee Taylor
Brown Lewis Turner
Carter Martin Walker
Clark Miller Watson
Cook Mitchell White
Cooper Moore Wilson
Doyle Morgan Wood
Evans Morris Wright
Green Murray Young
Harrison Parker
Hill Patterson
Jackson Phillips

http://familii.info/georaphy/england.html





Ваше имя
Ваш e-mail
Ваша оценка
Текст
 
Комментарии посетителей:
lara оценка: 7/10
17.01.2011  09:32
??????? ????? ?????????.?????? ????????????? ??????? ???????
AlexeyH оценка: 10/10
25.03.2010  09:20
?????? ????? ??????????, ???????. ? ?????? ????????????? ??????? ?????? (Malloy)?
    ??????
  ??????? ? ????????
  ???? ??????????????
  ?????????? ???????
  ???????????? ?????????
  ?????? ??????
  ??????
  ?????????? ????
  ?????? ??????????????

WWW
  ??????????? ????????
  ???????? ? ?????????
  ??????????
  ?????????? ????
  ???????, ???
  ???????????? ?????????
  ??????
  ??????
  ?????????
  ????????? ???????

???????? ?????

????????? ? ??????? ????
??? ???????


   




  Дизайн и программирование: Axel_Group